Connecticut Unemployment Eligibility
You can receive benefits if you meet a series of legal eligibility requirements:
Non Monetary Eligibility
- You must be totally or partially unemployed.
- You must have an approvable job separation; the law imposes a disqualification for certain types of separations.
- You must meet certain weekly legal requirements; weekly requirements include being physically and mentally able to work, being available for and seeking work, and filing your weekly claim for benefits on a timely basis.
- If you are identified as likely to exhaust unemployment benefits and are enrolled in the worker profiling and reemployment services program, you must fully participate in all assessment interviews, orientation, and referred reemployment services.
Wages are drawn from a one-year period (four calendar quarters) to compute eligibility. This one-year period is called the Base Period and it is the first four of the last five previously-completed calendar quarters.
If your claim is effective with any Sunday in: January, February, or March – The Base Period will be the first nine months (Jan-Sept) of last year and the last three months (Oct-Dec) of the year before last;
If your claim is effective with any Sunday in: April, May, or June – The Base Period will be all twelve months (Jan-Dec) of last year;
If your claim is effective with any Sunday in: July, August, or September – The Base Period will be the first three months of the current year (Jan-Mar) and the last nine months (Apr-Dec) of the last year;
If your claim is effective with any Sunday in: October, November, or December – The Base Period will be the first six months (Jan-June) of the current year and last six months of the last year.
To determine if a person has sufficient wage credits, the law requires that he or she must have total base period earnings that equals or exceeds 40 times the Weekly Benefit Rate. Normally, the maximum number of weeks of regular benefits payable is 26.
I was just fired. Can I collect Unemployment Insurance Benefits?
If you are fired or suspended, you may be disqualified for benefits if the employer can prove one of the following:
- Willful misconduct in the course of your employment
- Conduct which is a crime under the law and occurred in the course of your employment
- Larceny of property or service whose value exceeds $25 in the course of your employment
- Participation in a strike which is illegal under law or regulations
- You were sentenced to a term of imprisonment of 30 days or longer and had begun serving that sentence
- You were discharged or suspended because you were disqualified by law from performing the job for which you were hired as a result of a drug or alcohol testing program mandated by law
If you are discharged, it is the employer’s burden to prove that there was willful misconduct. When applying for benefits after being discharged or suspended from a job you will be scheduled to attend a pre-determination hearing to determine eligibility. Your employer will be notified of this hearing and will be invited to attend or to send in a written statement.
Can I draw unemployment benefits if I am laid off?
When it comes to unemployment benefits, laid-off workers have the chance to apply for and receive unemployment compensation because their employment at the company is basically over.
If you get laid-off from your job, you should right away apply for unemployment benefits.
Getting laid-off does not mean you were fired or you did something wrong. It only means that the company that you worked did not have enough work and could no longer pay you for the job.
Can I quit my job and collect Unemployment Insurance Benefits?
The general rule is that a person, who voluntarily leaves suitable work without good cause, attributable to the employer, is not eligible for benefits. However, there are a few non job-related reasons for quitting under which a person may be approved for benefits. These include quitting to care for a spouse, child, or parent with an illness or disability, and quitting to escape domestic violence.
For good cause to be attributable to the employer, it must relate to the wages, hours, or working conditions of the job. A change in conditions created by your employer or a breach of your employment agreement which is substantial and unfavorably affects you may be good cause to quit. Also, if the job itself adversely affects your health or aggravates or worsens a medical condition, it could be good cause to quit.
Regardless of the cause, in most cases, good cause attributable to the employer may only be found if you took reasonable steps to inform your employer of your dissatisfaction and sought to remedy the problem before you left. If you quit, it is your burden to prove that there was good cause for leaving. When applying for benefits, after quitting a job, you will be scheduled to attend a pre-determination hearing to establish whether you had good cause for leaving. Your employer will be notified of this hearing and will be invited to attend or to send in a written statement.
Got more questions? Please visit Q&A Eligibility Section
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