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Virginia Unemployment Eligibility

To receive benefits you must meet each of the following.

Non Monetary Eligibility

  • Unemployed through no fault of your own
  • Being ready, willing and able to work each week
  • Laid off or have been subject to greatly reduced working hours
  • Quit for “good cause” such as unsafe working conditions, not receiving payment for your work, to care for a terminally ill spouse or minor child etc

In addition, you must also meet weekly eligibility requirements before you can receive benefits.

Monetary Eligibility

Your monetary determination will illustrate the Amount and Duration of Benefits you are eligible for based on your base period (first four of the last five completed calendar quarters prior to the effective date of your claim) wages. Your Weekly Benefit Amount is determined by the two quarters with the highest earnings during the base period.  Total wages reported during the base period determine your maximum benefit amount.

To qualify for benefits monetarily an individual,

  • Must have earned at least a total of $2,700 in two quarters in the base period.
  • Must have earned at least $18,900.01 in two quarters during the base period to qualify for the maximum weekly benefit amount.

Benefit duration varies from 12 to 26 weeks, also depending on wages earned in the base period. Once your claim is established and reflects all earnings during your base period, the amount you qualify for remains the same for one year (benefit year) and is available to you until your maximum benefit amount or your benefit year is exhausted, whichever comes first.

Eligibility Questions

Can I collect unemployment If I am fired?

When a person is fired from a job in Virginia, he will often be eligible to receive unemployment benefits. Unemployment benefits are payments, delivered on a weekly basis, that are planned to help an individual pay for basic necessities such as food and shelter while he is seeking a new job.

In the state of Virginia, requirements for a person to receive benefits are nearly the same to those imposed on the unemployed in other states. A person can only receive unemployment benefits if he was lately terminated through “no fault of his own,” as defined by Virginia law.

Generally, a person can be considered to be at fault for his unemployment if he was fired for cause, meaning he failed to live up to the requirements of the position. If, however, the termination came due to structural layoffs, then the firing is not considered the employee’s fault.

Can I collect unemployment benefits If I quit?

Unemployment compensation only covers those individuals who have lost a job through no fault of their own. Virginia set its own standards for the minimum number of weeks and earned wages the workers must meet before being able to obtain unemployment compensation.

Virginia allows employees who have quit for certain reasons, such as sexual harassment, reduced working hours or unsafe work conditions, to collect unemployment. However, reasons vary and it’s vital to check with unemployment office to get the details on whether your circumstances apply.

Quitting your job does not disqualify you for unemployment compensation, but you’ll have to prove you had good reasons for resigning.

Can I obtain unemployment benefits If I am laid off?

Normally in Virginia you have to become jobless through no fault of your own in order to collect unemployment. When you get laid-off, it is not your fault.

In nearly all cases, this means that if you get laid-off, you are qualified to receive unemployment benefits.

If you get laid-off from your job, you should immediately apply for unemployment benefits without delay.

Questions & Answers

  1. TRACYE VARNER says:

    My employer transferred me to Hawaii under a two year contract. I have found out at the end of the contract that there is not going to be a job for me in my home state of Virginia. . .where I transferred from. . .but I can stay in Hawaii, without my family, and have a job. If I choose to go home will I be able to collect un-employment? Please advise.

  2. Rick says:

    My wife quit her job in Delaware to join me due to my assignment to the Tri-Cities area, however she’s having a hard time finding a job. Can she apply for Unemployment benefits?

    • Adrian says:

      If she quit voluntarily as you moved,she may not qualify. I suggest that you check with the labor dept in your state.

  3. JW says:

    I was fired from my job in DC but I have a part time job in VA and also live in VA. Where should I apply for unemployment?

    • Adrian says:

      Please file from the state where you were employed last(full time).

      Part time income may have a say when you file.

  4. Ken says:

    I have been on workmans comp for an injury obtained at work. Now my Neurosurgeon has taken me out of work permanently because I need a 4th lumbar surgery and he says he won’t do it because of permanent paralyses it would cause. I have had 5 eye surgeries and am blind in 1 eye, 3 lumbar surgeries, 3 arm surgeries, hernia and several other procedures. Am I able to collect unemployment until I am able to receive me Fisability?

    • Adrian says:

      I am sorry to hear about your state and wish you stable recovery.

      Unfortunately,UI benefits are extended only to those citizens who are willing and able to work.

  5. Sandra says:

    I quit my job in Virginia to relocated to North Carolina. Do I qualify for unemployment benefits based on a relocation?

    • Adrian says:

      If you left the job to relocate, it may be challenging. If you lost your job in Virginia,please consider applying for UI benefits from VA.

  6. Brian says:

    If I know my lay off date do I have to wait until that day to begin the unemployment benefits process?

    • Adrian says:

      Not necessarily.Some states do have an option of filing in advance in case of confirmed unemployment in near future. Please use the numbers below to reach for inquiry in VA.

      866-832-2363
      For TTY Callers: 804-371-8050
      OR 800-828-1140

  7. Lauren Hunter says:

    Hi I received unemployment for a little under a month this year and I just quit my job due to an unsafe working environment can I refile for unemployment now.

  8. Ed says:

    I received a Doctors excuse two days ago to be away from work for 2 weeks. The reason cited is exacerbation of my symptoms of stress and anxiety, for which I have been receiving treatment for several years. At this time I am uncertain if I can return to work after 2 weeks because of continuing stress.It may give me some relief to know if I am elibible for unemployment payment benefits if I cannot return to work. THIS IS MY QUESTION: AM I ELIGIBLE?

  9. Michael says:

    I am a federal employee and may be “furloughed” tonight at midnight because Congress can’t even agree on how to tie their shoes. Will I be eligible for unemployment compensation? I live in Fairfax County and work at the Pentagon. Thanks.

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