A lot of companies now days are incorporating pre-employment drug testing. A pre-employment drug is that before a potential candidate joins a company, a test is conducted on him/her to see whether the candidate is a drug user. If the candidate tests positive for drugs, there is a good chance he/she will be rejected by the company.
A report by the Society for Human Resource Management declared that 84% of employers in the private sector conduct pre-employment drug testing. Another report by the Clinical Laboratory Quest Diagnostic stated that American job applicants and workers who were tested positive for drugs hit a 14 year high. The process of screening candidates for drugs is known as pre-employment drug testing.
Companies inform prospective employees that pre-employment drug testing will be conducted before the applicant gets the job. A lot of private employers, by law, are not required to do pre-employment drug testing. However, on the other hand, employees working in Aviation, Transportation, Safety, and Defense test candidates for the usage of drugs.
Other Industries like schools, universities, and hospitals require potential applicants to go through a pre-employment drug testing exam. Applicants who would like to work in the Federal or State Government jobs in the U.S will also have to go through a pre-employment drug testing exam.
Pre- Employment Drug Testing Laws By State
Drug testing laws vary according to each state in the U.S. The state of North Carolina makes all public and private employers go through a pre-employment drug test. In the state of Ohio, a potential applicant can only be tested for drug usage if he/she is provided with advanced notice. An approved laboratory must conduct all drug tests for employees in the U.S.
What Drugs Do Employers Look For In a Drug Test?
Companies can test employees for a variety of services which include:
THC (Marijuana, Cannabinoids, Hash)
Opiates (Heroin, Codeine, Morphine, Opium)
Amphetamines (Ecstasy, Crank, Speed, Meth)
Cocaine (Crack, Coke)
All drug testing activities fall under the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. If companies want to further test employees for further testing, they use the following tests:
10 Panel Drug Test (Includes 8 Panel Drug Test and the following)
Propoxyphene (Darvon Compounds)
Additional companies can test potential employees for the following:
Inhalants (Paint, Gum, Hairspray)
Anabolic Steroids (Synthesized, Muscle- Building Hormones)
Hydrocodone (Lortab, Vicodin, Oxycodone)
The reason that companies test for drugs is to improve productivity and safety in the workplace. Creating a safe workplace is beneficial both to the employee and the company. To sum up, pre-employment drug testing will help reduce the number of drug users in the United States Workforce.
Jobs of the future, have already surfaced in the United States of America. A lot of activities that the workforce carries out today are going to become automated in the times to come. Several new advancements in machine learning and artificial intelligence are the way forward for the workforce of the future.
Automation-enabled technologies such as robotics and artificial intelligence will increase productivity among the workforce. This, in turn, will boost the economy and also strengthen the way tasks are carried out on a day to day basis.
The United States saw one-third of new jobs created that never existed before, in the last 25 years. These jobs are in hardware manufacturing, app creation, IT systems, and IT management. Jobs of the future will incorporate a lot of digital technology and will also create new forms of entrepreneurial activity. Also, people working in small businesses and the self-employed will benefit from higher income opportunities in jobs of the future.
Here are some essential statistics on the future of the workforce:
According to the World Economic Forum, sixty-five percent of children who enter primary school today will get jobs that currently don’t exist.
The Bureau of Labor and Statistics stated that by 2020 there would be 1.4 million open computing jobs, but only 400,000 graduates in science will have the necessary skillset.
Accenture states that Artificial intelligence can double annual economic growth by 2035 and also bridge the nature of work between man and machine.
Adobe researched 4,000 office workers who believed technology makes them more prolific, improves work-life balance, and also helps connect with co-workers better.
Mckinsey believes that between the time frame of 2016 and 2030, the demand for social and emotional skills will expand in various industries in the United States by 26%.
Exciting Trends on How the Workforce Is Changing
Organizations will be more fluid and dynamic; companies will see a rise in project-based teams that are incredibly vibrant and could work from any location globally. Also, a lot of generation Z employees will be interested in acquiring multiple roles from one place of employment.
A lot of independent players such as Etsy, Uber, and Upwork are shaping the way gig economy functions.
With the advent of internet access and mobile technology, remote workers are prevalent even today. The future employee need not be in the same location as the job. This will make work extremely efficient & convenient for an employee to live anywhere in the world, rather than find a job and move to a city where the job is located.
Desire to work
For employees to be happy in their respective jobs, they will need something more than a paycheck to keep them happy. A lot of employees in the future will want the latest technologies and gadgets to help facilitate the work from home options and lots more. The future employee will also want personal development opportunities to help get the best out of them.
Upskilling is the only way forward for an employee to survive in this dynamic workforce. Employees will have to learn new skills and be extremely adaptable to any situation that comes their way. Technology will continuously update, and employees will need to change with the times.
What You Need to Do to Prepare for the Jobs of the Future
The jobs of the future will require individuals to work on personal attributes like emotional intelligence, social intelligence, passion, creativity, and imagination. Individuals need to act and get involved in lifelong learning, so they are ready to change at any given point of time.
Individuals need to invest in new skills. Employees need to have a diverse set of work experiences and take the initiative to shape their career paths.
On the other hand, employers need to think in a broader perspective about the process of recruiting new employees. Companies need to evaluate skills like problem-solving, emotional intelligence, critical thinking, and creativity.
The jobs of the future are going to be extremely dynamic. The future employee needs to be prepared for this change and be extremely versatile. It’s definitely going to be very exciting to see how future jobs will shape the current workforce. To sum up, upskilling and staying updated on the changing trends is the way forward.
If you need to claim unemployment benefits in California, you have the added advantage of availing California Training Benefits (CTB). You can use these programs to educate yourself further and acquire high-demand skills. You can also explore new career avenues all while being able to draw Unemployment Insurance benefits.
The programs opted for must be approved by the California Employment Development Department (EDD). You can even get an exemption from actively looking for work, which otherwise is a pre-requisite to qualifying for unemployment insurance.
Is a CTB Program Useful?
There are a variety of training programs which unemployed workers can attend. These programs make it easier to re-enter the workforce. Some of the programs permitted by the EDD are:
Registered Eligible Training Providers from the ETPL list who offer short courses for high-demand vocations
Government organized training under the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA), California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs), etc.
Apprenticeship programs where you can earn and get educational credits while working
Trade Association, Union, or eligible Employer-Sponsored Training
Programs to acquire teaching credentials in single subjects
Many of these programs also teach you how to build a better resume, write a good cover letter and develop interview skills. This would help you in your job search.
California job training programs can help you gain the skills needed to transition into a new career or get better opportunities in your present one.
How to Avail California Training Benefits While Drawing UI?
Notify the EDD of your interest in California Training Benefits when you file your unemployment insurance claim.
Once you have chosen your program, ensure that it meets all the eligibility criteria to qualify for CTB especially if it is self-arranged
When you start attending the training program or school, you must report your attendance to EDD in that week
EDD determines your eligibility for training benefits by having you fill a questionnaire or answer a telephonic interview with a representative
You need to provide information on your attendance, the training school or facility, your career objectives, etc
EDD then sends you a Notice of Determination DE 1080 containing the results of whether or not you are found eligible
DE 1080 explains your rights and responsibilities
You can claim UI even if you are found to be not eligible for CTB. However, you would have to meet the usual eligibility criteria for unemployment insurance. These include actively searching for work, available and willing to accept work, etc.
Note that the EDD will not pay any school or training-related expenses such as tuition fees, books, transportation, etc. There are however federal, state or private financial aid programs you can avail.
Eligibility Criteria for Self-Arranged Job Training in California
You should have been unemployed for 4 weeks due to a lack of demand for your skills. Your training has to be related to a skill that is in demand in the current market. The CTB program must have the accreditation of the United States Department of Education or the California Bureau for Private Post-secondary Education.
Only full-time training programs of reasonable duration (less than 2 years) are eligible.
You can even get additional weeks of benefits if you choose to attend a training program after your claim has begun. You have to report such interest within the 16th week of your benefit period. You can avail a maximum of 52 times your weekly benefit amount to complete a longer-term program. There is only one extension possible per CTB approved training program.
California’s Job Training Benefits programs are a useful way to keep yourself engaged and updated while you figure out the next steps in your career. There are programs for older workers as well as for youngsters aged under 18.
The Unemployment Insurance (UI) benefits program is designed to provide financial assistance to those who have lost jobs for no fault of their own. To qualify for the benefits, applicants must have earned sufficient wages in their previous employment. Along with wages, the reason for separating from previous organization plays a crucial role in deciding if an application makes the cut for the UI Benefits. If applicants don’t fulfil these conditions, it will result in an instant the disqualification of UI benefits.
It is also necessary to disclose the reason for separating from the previous organization. The applicants must demonstrate that they did not lose the job due to any fault of their own. Here are some of the most common reasons for people to separate from previous employment which will lead to disqualification from receiving UI Benefits:
1. Voluntary Resignation
If you voluntarily resigned from your previous job, your application for UI Benefits is most likely to get rejected. Reasons such as loss of interest in the job or a need to take a break from work are not given due consideration by most states.
However, some cases of voluntary resignations are taken into consideration in a few states. If the reasons for voluntary resignation are; you were not paid for your work, the working conditions were hazardous, or there were illegal activities taking place in the organization, or if you accompanied your spouse who had to relocate due to his/her job, etc. Also, issues like workplace harassment and compelled to quit due to domestic violence are taken into consideration. Applicants must have sufficient evidence to back their claim to make sure that their applications get considered. If you quit your job for any acceptable reason, along with the evidence for your claim, you must also provide evidence to prove that you tried to solve the issue prior to resigning. The applicants must take note that the burden of proof lies on them and not on the employers.
2. Criminal Charges or Conviction
If you lost your previous job due to a criminal charge and were convicted for the same, your application for benefits will be disqualified. The duration of disqualification differs from state-to-state but such individuals are generally disqualified for a significantly long period of time.
3. Work-related Issues or Bad Reviews
If you were fired by your previous organization for reasons relating to your performances, your application will be rejected. Once you file for unemployment, the department which oversees matters relating to UI Benefits in your state will share the application with your ex-employer to verify the claim. If your ex-employer states poor performance as a reason for your exit, your eligibility will be immediately withdrawn.
In such cases, the disqualified individuals are expected to work again for another employer. They must also eliminate the wages earned and hours worked for this employer while calculating their base period wages.
4. Non-US Citizen (Immigrant workers)
Individuals who are not citizens of the United States are not allowed to work in the country without receiving a letter of permission. Applications submitted by non-citizens will instantly be rejected without the required documents.
The non-citizens will receive a registration number when they apply for a work permit, which is also known as ‘Alien Registration Number’. They need to submit the alien registration number without fail when they apply for UI Benefits.
Unemployment benefits are not collected by the employees nor does the government pay it from its funds. The UI Benefits program is funded by the employers, and therefore all the state governments take extra precautions to make sure that you meet all the eligibility conditions. Check out the eligibility conditions set for the state you belong to know in detail about the rules by your state. If in case your application gets disqualified, note that you could always file for an appeal challenging the decision.
The unemployment rate stands at 3.7% as of June 2019. As you may know, unemployment benefits (UI) will help make up for lost wages when you are between jobs. When you are submitting unemployment claims, you should opt to file for UI benefits online as it is faster and more convenient.
There are many benefits in filing for UI benefits online. Read on to know how to go about filing claims online. All you will need is a simple internet connection, and the know-how of how to submit claims and you’re good to go!
How To File Your Unemployment UI benefits Online
Follow these steps to make your unemployment claim online:
1. Contact Your State Agency
Get in touch with your State unemployment agency via email, or phone or visit fileunemployment.com to check your benefits. Your state unemployment agency is your only point of contact if you want to receive unemployment claims.
2. Check Your Eligibility
For an individual to avail benefits, you must have become unemployed through no fault of yours. You can check the benefits that you may receive using our base period calculator. The eligibility criteria for each state is different, and this will determine the weekly benefit amount you may receive.
3. Submit Your UI Benefits Online
Filing an unemployment claim is pretty easy nowadays, and with the advent of the internet, you can check your unemployment claims online. Always check what is your base period and if you are eligible before filing for UI benefits.
4. File Your Weekly Claim
All individuals who file for claims are expected to file weekly claims truthfully and on time. To submit an online claim, you should submit a claim on the state’s unemployment website. It is recommended to file a claim in the state that you worked in. Always give complete information such as your home address and dates of your previous employer to make sure your unemployment pay is not delayed.
Here Are Some Advantages To Why You Should File UI Benefits Online:
1. Time Efficient
Filing claims online would ensure that you wouldn’t have to wait in long queues. You can file your claims at a time and place convenient to you. You don’t have the hassle of going to the insurance agency’s office and waiting for your turn.
All the information provided on an insurance website is generally accurate and ensures individuals a step-by-step process on how to file unemployment returns. The chances of an error are minimal as the insurance websites are generally error-free.
3. Mobile Friendly
You can always use your mobile to sign up for federal benefits. Whether you are in the US or anywhere in the world you can file your claims on the mobile. This makes it extremely easy and convenient as you can file for your unemployment on the go.
4. Cost Saving
You don’t need to pay for postage or fax expenses, as you can file for your unemployment returns from anywhere in the world all you need is a working internet connection.
A Quick Claim Solution
Why use age-old techniques like fax, phone, and email when everything can be done online. You can check how much you can claim on websites such as FileUnemployment.org, get news, use free calculators to determine your benefits and readily available unemployment information. If you have a question about unemployment, benefits, making a claim or other details then you can always write to us in the comment section below.
When it comes to improving on a personal and professional development front, we tend to take a step back when it comes to self-improvement. Normally, we would sit back and wait for the performance review to look at areas of improvement. This would include improving your skill set, setting personal benchmarks and reviewing them. Also, learning leads to a better quality of life improves confidence and personal development. It also influences our lives in a positive way. You should know that improvement comes from within and you need to take control of that.
Goals That Will Help You Execute Work Better
These are 27 goals that you should take control of to improve your reputation and performance at work, reach new skill levels and professional development:
1) Organize & Prioritize
The first thing that you should do is create a daily schedule and follow it. You should identify the top projects that you need to complete. Create a task list that is manageable, has a sense of purpose and adds value.
2) Stop Multitasking
Ensure that you stop multitasking on several projects at once. This is because in reality the quality of work is compromised and it lowers IQ and EQ, slows you down and increases stress which in turn creates a lot of mistakes. You should then look to unitask instead and make the most of your time.
3) Discover Your Boss’s Style
Think that you are the boss for one moment. The most important thing to do is to build an effective strategy which means that you should empathize and discover your boss’s style. This will help you imagine what they are looking for in an employee. You should know what it is dealing with employees and your subordinates. You can ask your boss a series of question that will help you get to know them and how to set an agenda based on how to manage your boss. The main thing is to understand your boss’s style and orientation and to stay one step ahead always.
4) Avoid Distractions
You should know that focus is a fundamental quality of productive people. So the best thing to do is ensure that you focus on a single task at hand. In time, you should practice staying focused and strive to complete one task and moving to the next.
5) Manage Interruptions
It can be easy to minimize or forget the number of times that you are interrupted in a day. You never know where interruptions could come from. This could come from all directions like co-workers, bosses, and family. The best way to manage interruptions is to keep a stack of post-it notes and index cards nearby. Write on top of each one and write down a person’s name of people that might interrupt you during the day. Next time, they ask you for something, you should also talk to them about points on things that need to be addressed. Just think of the amount of time that you would save by doing three to four things at once rather than doing this three or four times a day for each item.
6) Relationship Building
Try to create a strong relationship with colleagues that are outside to your immediate area of responsibility. One of the books that stress on this is the best selling Getting More: How To Negotiate to Achieve Your Goals in the Real World, Wharton Business School professor Stuart Diamond notes that “companies, even small ones, can be very political places.” He suggests that allying with people will help you including employees that have been there for a long time. You might have overlooked others especially those that work in HR, staffers and the IT department.
7) Be a Great Finisher
There are many of us that are great starters but not finishers. There is always some reason that we fall short. You should think about how many times that you started something new. This would mean a project, a New Year’s Resolution and reflect on it to demonstrate your accomplishments and contributions.
8) Start Early
To be as effective as possible, you should start your day early. This means that if you arrive 15 minutes before you usually do, then you should get an early start and be a step ahead with the day’s tasks. Also, you should reward yourself later with maybe a longer lunch break or a departure for a home that comes earlier than the stipulated time.
9) Set Milestones
When it comes to completing a big project, it could be quite overwhelming. This should not stop you from taking time to celebrate small achievements. You should break large projects into blocks of mini-tasks and create individual success metrics. This is great to keep you on a high morale and improve your energy levels. After which, you should review your progress and reward yourself.
10) Wear the Bosses Shoes
Think of stepping into the boss’s shoes. Look at the big picture and look at the goals from their perspective. The best thing to do is to make effective strategies that will allow you to discover or empathize their aspirations. Ask yourself questions like “What are they looking for in an employee?”, “What skills should I know?” or “What are the qualities needed to be successful in your position?”
11) Get a Mentor/Be a Mentor
You can enhance and grow your skills by being a mentor. As a mentor, you can offer a new insight, vision, and perspective. You should work with a mentor and stretch your thinking and supply with a stream of self-development ideas based on talent and skills. You should not forget to gain experience by mentoring someone else and facilitate your own professional growth that will help you with your position and make you an asset to your firm.
12) Simply Listen
Pay attention to listening as it is important to effective communication. You should spend time thinking about how to listen without interrupting others. If you have matured your listening skills then you would have increased your productivity with lesser mistakes, higher client satisfaction rates, and innovation.
13) Aim for Clarity
You should look for clarity and with clarity, it improves confidence. You should always make it a point to ask questions when you are not 100 percent sure of your responsibilities. Then you should schedule time quarterly to re-evaluate goals, review if your responsibilities have fulfilled these goals and how to better partner with team members to reach your goals.
Another important tool that you should add to your skill set is research. You should look at not wasting other people’s time and doing your homework before taking on any new task. This will make you better prepared to meet the present strategies that will help you reach and accomplish each objective.
15) Write a Letter to Your Future Self
Ask yourself, “Where would you see yourself in 1, 3 and 5 years time? What would be the same? What would be different? Also, write a letter to yourself and work extremely and constantly become that person.
16) Identify Your Blind Spots
Look for blind spots that you are unaware of especially about ourselves and this could cause good intentions that are usually perceived in a negative light. Usually, if you are not careful then you would tend to ignore this. You should look at yourself honestly and ask for feedback from others and be willing to make changes. Then you should reach out to your peers to ask how you are perceived and discover behaviors. These behaviors could either hinder or strengthen your influence and you should be aware of this. You should view this feedback as an asset instead of a judgment and then you should realign your reputation to the ideal person that you should be.
17) Simplify Something
You should look at simplifying things, this is because you should make things less messy and less complicated. You should find ways for each week to simplify or automate a difficult system or process. This could include a messy office, checking emails and doing daily tasks. This could help you improve efficiency and keep things simple.
18) Ask Questions
You should constantly push yourself to the edge for self-improvement. Keep asking yourself if there is a more effective way to achieve the same results. Determine if you are working as efficiently as possible. This can be done by brainstorming. You should always believe that things should be improved.
19) Know Your Competition
Learn about your competition and observe them keenly. You need to identify if what they are doing is right and you should use it as a learning opportunity. After which, you should ensure that you should implement something new at the firm.
20) Acknowledge Others
When it comes to work, it’s all about teamwork. You should learn to help others, give credit wherever its due and be grateful. You will be surprised at how your encouragement and motivation would be a simple way to make the team feel wholesome. A simple “Great Job!” would help the team rise and grow together.
You should read on personal development or articles based on your industry every day. Start with reading a journal and then start recording notes. Then you should identify what you have learned and look at how you can apply your findings in your work and personal space. After which, you should share this information with others to establish expertise.
22) Give Yourself Down Time
There’s nothing like a good vacation for professional development. Otherwise, you will have a lot of stress and in time there could be a burn out that increases and productivity decreases. You need to schedule time away from work to refill and rejuvenate yourself for a healthy work-life balance.
23) Practice Humility
The best thing you should practice is humility and not self-promotion. You should encourage team members and have a high respect for their unique skill sets and important contributions. Another important driver is passion. If you love what you do then you will put your best work forward and perform at your best. These values will be reflected and respected in your personal and professional life based on its true meaning and how you go about it.
24) Eat Healthy Foods
You should consume healthy food throughout the day to avoid energy crashes and for your brain to be fueled properly. Food is imperative for boosting brain power and creating impact and productivity. Junk food only affects your weight. It causes decreased productivity and energy crashes.
25) Get Moving!
You should exercise as its important for your mind and body. Exercising is known to reduce stress hormones and increasing growth factors in the brain are necessary for neuronal connections. It’s better to work out in the morning as its difficult to motivate yourself after a really long day. However, the most important thing is to be consistent.
26) Delegate like a Boss
Ever wonder if it’s possible to complete all the work on your plate? This is why you should delegate. You should be willing to outsource some low-value tasks. You can connect with online services that will help get tedious tasks done.
27) Treat Yourself to Motivate Yourself
You should look at making effective ways to manage your habits and your productivity. You need to train your brain to focus on goal-oriented tasks. Also, you should learn to reward yourself after completing things on the do-list. In short, people that are happy and feel good are more productive than those that are not.
Your résumé is what gives a prospective employer the first impression. It can be your ticket into the company. If your résumé looks just like any other one that the recruiter comes across on a daily basis, it is likely that it will be ignored. Give your résumé a few customizations and avoid some mistakes. This will help your résumé not only stand out but also give a lasting impression.
Do’s and Don’ts of Résumé Writing
If you are looking to start a career or someone who plans to switch jobs, these 12 steps will make your résumé catch the recruiter’s attention:
1. Spelling and Grammatical Mistakes
Spelling, grammatical or punctuation errors on a résumé are the worst. Not paying attention to your commas, periods, and spellings could send out a message that you lack attention to detail.
Some of the most common mistakes that people make in their résumés are the usage of inconsistent tenses, subject-verb agreement, poor use of apostrophes, and misspelled homophones.
Also, when it comes to numbers, use digits and not words. Words not only take longer to read but also occupy more space. Digits are easy to spot and also tend to catch the recruiter’s attention while they’re skimming through your résumé.
Ps – Run a Grammarly check on your resume to ensure that there aren’t any grammatical errors.
Do not exaggerate. Ever. If you have contributed a major part in a particular project, don’t say that you lead the project. There have been instances where the candidate has been almost selected and then rejected due to exaggerating.
Once such instance is, the candidate that the HR wanted to hire has listed a Bachelor’s degree on her résumé. When they ran a background check, it was discovered that she had never actually received her degree certificate. Even though she had completed all of the credits she was denied the degree due to outstanding library fines. Instead, if the candidate had written something like, “completed all 130 credits towards a Bachelor’s degree in <course name>”, that would have matched the check done by the employer, and she would have got the job.
Always customize your résumé for each company that you are applying for. It might be tempting to just make one generic résumé and send it out to all the companies that you’re applying to, but that’s not going to help. What you need is a customized résumé to fit different roles that you’re applying to. Make sure that your résumé has the keywords and key qualities that are required for the particular position.
These days most résumés are reviewed electronically before a human sees them. So if your résumé doesn’t have the keywords that match the job, it may not pass the electronic screening. If you’re really interested in getting the job, you would definitely be willing to put in the effort to customize your résumé and change the highlights for each role.
You could also go a step further and give it an outstanding creative bend. If there’s too much information that is important and can’t be eliminated, make it an infographic so it’s easy on the eyes.
4. Stuffing Keywords and Cramming Information
While it is important for your résumé to have the keywords for the job so it passes the electronic screening, remember that the one who’s actually going to call you and hire you is a real human being. Don’t stuff your résumé with keywords, let it be easy to read and understand. Speaking about it being easy to read, use a font that’s easy on the eye and a size that won’t make the HR strain their eyes. A résumé in small font could irritate the HR and make them view your profile from a more critical angle.
5. Discard the Objective, Replace it with a Professional Summary
If your résumé still has an objective like “find an entry-level position in sales” at the top, scrap it right away. Some recruiters say that the biggest mistake that a candidate can make while applying for a job is to write an objective. Instead of telling the recruiter that you want a job, show them why you’d be apt for the role. Write a professional summary that resonates who you are as a professional and the skill sets that you have to offer. Think of the professional summary as an introduction to yourself that gives a brief insight into your professional life. It should catch the recruiter’s interest and entice him/her to read your whole résumé.
However, some recruiters say that an objective is required when you are making a huge career change. Say you’re making a shift from marketing to PR, then you could give a clear explanation that you’re transitioning roles and have the necessary transferable skills.
6. Beware of Giving Yourself a Title
Sometimes you tend to perform the responsibilities of another designation even though you don’t have the title. In such situations, you need to be careful and not go ahead and claim for yourself a designation that hasn’t been formally given to you. There was an incident where the HR came across the profile of a candidate who did not list a title but whose responsibilities corresponded to those of a director of development. During the background check, it was discovered that the director had left and she had taken over the role but without the title. She took the right move by leaving out the title. Had she mentioned the title, when the background check was run, there would’ve been a mismatch with the title.
While you’re being wary of not giving yourself a title, be careful not to undermine yourself due to the lack of a title. Use smart ways to grab the recruiter’s attention with your responsibilities and accomplishments that you earned, but make sure that you’re speaking the truth and not going overboard. The candidate could have used a powerful line like, “development team of one, in charge of $250k fundraising target”.
7. Show, Don’t Tell
If you claim that you know something in your résumé, follow it up with an example of when you used it. For example, you say that you have stated management as one of your skills/responsibilities, go on to specify the size of the team, scope of the project, and the size of the budget (if it had a budget). Or if you have listed HTML programming, list the job at which you used it substantively. You don’t need to give a paragraph long description. Save the long description for the interview. A one-line description that conveys the specifics of the project should do. And if you can’t think of an example to substantiate your skill, it might be best to leave it out. The hiring manager would prefer skills that have evidence.
8. Include Personal Accomplishments & Volunteer Work
If you have done something cool in your personal life that could imply that you have a certain technical or soft skill, put it on your résumé. Winning a chess championship could imply that you are good at strategizing. If you like adventure sports and participate in them from time-to-time or participate in debates, you can add that as well. Certain personal accomplishments indicate rare qualities and skills that are sought after by hiring managers.
When it comes to non-work experience like volunteering, you can include it in your résumé if it has taken up a significant amount of your time or has nurtured certain skills that are suitable for the job role. You can also include side projects, temp gigs, or pro bono work so that your résumé adds can have personality.
9. Add Social Media Links
Most people send out their résumé as a standalone document. Add your professional social media links to it. You could add your LinkedIn profile, blog, or personal website’s URL. The best part about adding the link to your LinkedIn profile is that the recruiter can check the skills that you have listed and also see who has endorsed which ones. Plus, there’s no upper limit on stating your professional experience on LinkedIn, unlike your résumé. Personal websites and blogs also give the hiring manager deeper insights into you. Adding social media links could also give an impression of being transparent.
10. Use Powerful Verbs & Avoid Negative Words
Words like ‘handled’, ‘led’, ‘managed’ have been used way too often in résumés that they seem to have lost their power. When describing your work, switch to powerful verbs like ‘administered’, ‘charted’, ‘initiated’, ‘maximized’ and ‘consolidated’. They make you look competent and confident as well.
Also, be careful not to use words that have negative tones even if you’re using them to describe a positive situation. Using phrases like “solved a floor-wide communication problem” or “met aggressive targets” could make the recruiter view you with a dim perspective. You could rephrase the previous lines into something like “proposed solution to make communication on the floor easier and quicker” or “delivered ambitious sales volume”.
11. Highlight & Personality
While you’re busy enhancing your résumé and making it look good and enticing for the recruiter to read, don’t lose focus on the content. Unless you’re a designer, then you really need to focus on the design as your résumé itself would portray your design skills.
Ensure that you highlight the right information. Highlighting for the sake of highlighting won’t make your most important/relevant achievements stand out. Also don’t highlight too much, make sure that the design is easy on the reader’s eyes and can be read easily.
Though it is quite inviting to add multiple roles at one company, you mustn’t do it. Highlighting the different roles at one company tells a lot about whether you were promoted at that company or if you were comfortable with transitioning your role. You need to make your qualities and skills stand out without compromising on the appeal of your résumé.
12. Delete the Extras
Omit anything unnecessary. Extra words, school achievements (not if you’re a fresher), irrelevant non-work experiences, and anything that doesn’t really need to be put there. Excess of random information or redundant information dilutes the impact of the important points in the recruiter’s mind.
Also, be careful to not mention volunteering work with controversial groups or organizations. For example, you volunteered to fundraise for a politician, it might be best to leave it out. If you volunteered for a Democrat but the interviewer is Republican, it might create unnecessary dislike or an opinion that isn’t very favorable. Another point to keep in mind is that although it is illegal to discriminate against a candidate because of their age, gender, marital status, religion, race, color, or national origin, it doesn’t mean that such things don’t happen subconsciously. Avoid leaving traces of such details on your résumé.
When updating your résumé or writing a new one, make sure to keep these points in mind. Once you’re done editing it and adding the final touches, read through it with a fresh mind. Check whether you’ve missed out on any of the above points. You can also go through our article on helpful interview tips to help you prepare for that interview call.
If you’d like additional tips, you can interact with people in similar situations or experts in this field on our Community Forums. You can also clarify queries regarding unemployment insurance.
New York Governor revealed in his FY 2019 budget proposal that the state’s free tuition program would be extended to illegal immigrant students. According to a briefing book, Cuomo’s plan “includes legislation to implement the DREAM Act, opening the door of higher education to thousands of New Yorkers.”
The briefing states that illegal immigrants have been accepted for in-state tuition at the State University of New York (SUNY) and the City University of New York (CUNY) since 2002, however, but explains that each year, “many talented students who graduate from New York high schools remain unable to fulfill their potential simply because they cannot afford the tuition and lack of access to tuition assistance to help pay for school.”
In 2017, Governor Cuomo launched a program to make tuition free-of-charge at SUNY and CUNY. The option is available during the 2018-2019 school year to resident students whose family income is not above $110,000. This year, according to his FY ‘19 budget briefing, he’s taking it a stride forward by extending free education under his “Excelsior Scholarship Program” to students who illegally reside in the country.
The DREAM Act declares that an investment in young immigrants’ futures is an investment in New York’s future. It further states that the act will give undocumented students access to the new Excelsior Scholarship, the Tuition Assistance Program as well as other state-administered scholarship. It was during the Executive Budget Address, where Cuomo announced his record of restoring fiscal discipline while simultaneously achieving historic progressive accomplishments and strengthening middle-class New Yorkers.
A Summary of the Legislation in FY ‘18
On April 12, 2017, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo had signed a bill into law on providing free tuition to students who attend the state’s public colleges and universities. New York became the first state to offer free four-year college to students. The funds for the program would be exclusively for tuition purpose, and students would still need to acquire other resources to pay for room, board, and other indirect fees. The program only covers tuition fees which are not covered by other grants. Students whose family income limit is less than $100,000 per year would be eligible for the grant if they enroll full-time at any community college or public university within the state.
Republicans in the New York Senate successfully lobbied to force students to live an work in the state for as many years as they received aid. On failing to do so, the grant would be turned into a loan. Moreover, one-third of students in New York public universities enroll part-time whereas only students who enroll full-time are eligible for the grant.
The program’s 30-credit requirement which was criticized by some was said to be a research-proven strategy to raise GPAs, improve retention rates and ultimately boost the college completion in the state.
Other States That Offer Free Tuition
Since 2015, states like Oregon, Rhode Island, Montana, Minnesota, Kentucky, Arkansas, Nevada and West Virginia have enacted legislation for a promise program. However, New York with its Excelsior Scholarship Program still remains the only state to offer last-dollar assistance to students at the four-year level.
Have you attended an interview which you thought you owned but then didn’t get a call offering you the job? You probably prepared tirelessly for that interview and knew everything that you needed to know about the company and possessed all the skills for the role. You would have also known the answers to every question asked and were confident throughout. Here are 5 blunders that could cost a perfectly suitable candidate to lose out on a great job role.
Interview Mistakes That Could Cost You The Job
Here are some interview mistakes that candidates make without realizing that could make you miss out on the opportunity.
Plenty of interview candidates make this mistake that makes an instant black mark on their profile. Most interviewers don’t share their concerns about candidates during the interview as there are other candidates lined up in the lobby battling it out for the job. This gives you reason to take matters into your own hands to pinpoint what exactly it was that was missing in your application and address them on your own.
There’s a minute difference between answering a concern addressed by your interviewer and highlighting a weakness. The longer you take to explain yourself, the more suspicious you sound. If you’re in a situation where you’ve been out of a job for a while, lost a job or left a job, you need to work on an answer that is brief and confident. If you sound like you’re trying to justify yourself or you give out excess information, you are likely to create room for more questions. Frame your answer in a short and succinct manner. There’s nothing worse than sounding nervous, bitter, unsure or unprepared while addressing a delicate matter.
For example, let’s say your company decided to restructure or downsize and you lost your job in the bargain. When your interviewer asks you why you decided to leave your previous company, you could say something like this, “It turned out to be a blessing when my previous company decided to restructure as it gave me the chance to refocus on the career path I’d like to take and I’m really glad to be here with you for this very reason.” Voila! In one sentence, you addressed the concern and shone the spotlight on the opportunity at hand.
2. Trying to be everything
While it is important to showcase traits of being a quick learner and a self-initiator, don’t go overboard with it. It’s important to keep in mind that the company is hiring for a specific role. If the job requires you to perform a task that requires a certain skill for which you don’t have much experience with, it’s best to be transparent.
For instance, the interviewer tells you, “We require our new hire to be familiar with digital marketing,” and he/she looks at you as if to ask you if that’s something you’re comfortable with, it’s ideal to be honest. You could probably say something like this, “I do not possess rich experience with digital marketing. However, I’m a quick learner and would be truly excited to deepen my knowledge of that in this position.”
3. Leading the interview
Keep in mind, they called you in, and it isn’t the other way round. Make sure you allow your interviewer to lead. Don’t try to get too paly and begin to ask personal questions. While it’s admirable to be warm and approachable, it doesn’t always work in your favor. It can sometimes even backfire, 17% of hiring managers consider asking personal questions during an interview to count against you. While it is a positive to ask some questions about at the end of the interview (or in between, only if they open up the window), it’s very important to keep in mind that they’re in the pilot’s seat.
4. Lacking warmth
A lot of candidates who walk into interviews seem so professional and polished that they lack the basic warmth that’s required to connect. You’d be surprised to hear that 38% of hiring managers have dismissed potential candidates due to their unwillingness to smile.
Interviewers often come across candidates who are so clean and perfect that they can’t connect with them. While being professional is highly sought, it is also important to remember to be human. Interviewers want candidates who can connect with the organization, gel with the workers, and bring results.
If you think that you might fall into this category, you could prepare a statement that sounds something like, “the reason this opportunity and company strikes a personal chord with me is…” Tell your interviewer what it is about the role and company that you really like. Make sure it sounds natural and not contrived. If it sounds staged, your answer is either too long or you haven’t practiced enough. Make sure you look your interviewer in the eye when you say this to them.
Just like most social groups, nobody likes sitting with someone who has anything negative to say. 49% of hiring managers stated speaking negatively about a co-worker or former boss as one of the top mistakes they observe during interviews. Don’t badmouth and no matter what don’t tell your interviewer that you hated your previous job, even if you did. Instead, approach the subject from an angle of gratitude. Talk about what you learned from the job, the exposure you received with the company, and that you’re moving out now because you’re ready to grow further.
It all bottles down to your ability to stand out from the other candidates and how well you handled yourself during the interview. To land the job, it’s necessary to be personable, professional, and be able to sell yourself in a simple and concise way.
Keep in mind what not to do at your next interview and you will notice the results. You might also find our article on helpful interview tips useful for your next interview. We wish you good luck from fileunemployment.org!
Are you a recent graduate who’s looking for a job? Have you been looking for a change of jobs to upgrade your skill set? Or have you left your previous job and now in search of employment? Regardless of the category you fall under, these interview tips will come in handy for the next interview you attend.
11 Helpful Interview Tips
These interview tips don’t require much of your time or effort. Use these tips while preparing for the interview as well as on the day of the interview to effortlessly get through interviews.
1. Prepare to Ace the Basics
There are a few questions that are inevitably asked at every job interview. Make a note of these questions and prepare answers for each one of them. You can also write down your answers and then say it out loud to know how impressive it sounds.
Here are some of the most common questions asked in interviews:
Q: Tell me about yourself
A: My name is <first name>. I did my elementary school at <school name> Elementary and then went to <school name> school. After graduating from high school, I went to <university name> University to pursue my interests in <name the field of study>. I then took up a job as a <role name> at <company name>. After working there for <xx> months/years, I moved jobs and took up a role as <role name> at <company name.
Q: Why do you want to join this company?
A: I’ve taken as much as I could at my previous/current role and company and grown as an individual and a professional, now I want to learn more. I’m aware of this company’s work environment, the opportunities it presents to its employees, and how it inculcates growth. This is the reason why I want to join this company.
Q: What are the skills that you possess that set you apart from the crowd?
A: I am extremely patient, a quality that is not very common these days. My patience helps avoid misunderstandings, helps calm situations, and take level-headed decisions at all times.
Q: Name a few of your strengths. Narrate past experiences to support them.
A: I’m a team player, confident, and have good communication skills.
Once a teammate was burdened with a lot of work that was due by the end of the day. I took up a sizable portion of her tasks and also requested our teammates to join in and help her. We helped her finish the task on time.
Q: What do you consider to be your greatest weakness?
A: I find it hard to meet very high targets.
Where do you see yourself in 5 years?
In 5 years I want to be heading the <team name> of the company.
There are some more questions that could be asked in an interview
Q: Why are you leaving your current job?
People’s reasons to move jobs vary. Here are answers to some of the most common questions.
A: I moved from <area name> to <area name> a couple of months back because I bought a new home. I’ve been finding the commute a little too hectic. So I’ve been looking for a place that’s closer to home.
I’ve grown to the maximum potential that my current/previous employer could offer me. I’m looking for an environment that is more challenging and where I can learn more.
I was working in <city name> and my spouse got transferred here. Since we were moving here, I had to leave my previous job.
Q: Why does this role interest you?
A: In this role I see myself utilizing all the skills that I already possess and see the scope to implement my newly acquired skills (from a course that I just completed).
Q: Describe your work style.
A: Structured and Fast: I begin my day by spending the first 5 minutes planning it out. Then I make a list of tasks that I need to complete and allot time for each one of them. Only once I’m done with my tasks, I take a break. I come back from my break and review my work with my manager.
What are your requirements in terms of salary?
I’m looking at a 30% increase in my salary which is within the industry standards.
Would you like to add anything that we didn’t cover?
I’d like to tell you that I have 4 children, one of whom will be going to university this year.
Is there anything you would like to ask us?
I’d like to know to whom I would be reporting to and what my daily tasks would be.
Make sure that all your answers remain under one minute. Don’t ramble, keep your answers concise and articulate. This will give your interviewer the impression that your answer is well thought through.
2. Research about the company
Regardless of how new/old the company is, it’s always good to know about the company before attending an interview. It not only shows the interviewer that you are interested in the job but it also helps you understand what the work life in the company is like.
Run a search on the company and see what it’s known for. Read about the company, its products, and the team on sites like glassdoor.com, vault.com, and indeed.com. If the company has a blog, read through the posts, it’ll give you a feel of the company. See if the company has been featured in the press, who are its competitors, what its sec filings are (if it is a public company; you can do this on sec.com). You can also look up the company on LinkedIn and check to see if you have any mutual connections. Talk to them and find out what the work culture is like and if there’s anything that you should know before interviewing.
3. Don’t Underdress or Overdress
You’ve always heard, “there’s no such thing as overdressing for an interview”. Overdressing for an interview could give out the impression that you don’t understand the culture at the workplace. That’s why it’s important to research a little about the company. Before attending the interview, figure out the dress code, and go one notch more formal.
If the people in the company dress in casuals like jeans and T-shirt, wear a blazer with flats. And if it’s flats-and-a-blazer kind of place, dress in business casuals. Just make sure to go one step more formal than the dress code.
4. Keep it Conversational
While attending an interview, keep it conversational. It’s not a test. It’s just one person trying to find a match for an open role. Don’t let your answers sound like speeches. Avoid speech patterns and buzzwords. When you hear the question, flip the question over in your mind, it’s okay to think out loud as you do so. You can flip the conversation back to your interviewer by asking him/her if they think the same. Interact with your interviewer, don’t let it be the same old boring question-answer-question-answer. Your interviewer is someone getting by another workday, break the monotony and make it fun for him/her.
Make sure to not go overboard or lead the conversation astray or come off as someone who’s overconfident.
5. Run a Social Media Check
Check your Twitter, Facebook, Instagram or any other social media handles to check what kind of posts you’ve made. Interviewers often scan their prospective employee’s social media profiles. If there are sexist, racist or any other kind of memes or comments or embarrassing pictures that you’ve posted that could put you in a negative light with the interviewer, take them off.
You can also google your full name to see what content pops up.
6. Use the Products & Services
Interviewers like it when the candidate they’re interviewing is prepared. Use the product/service of the company. Get a feel of what the company’s into. Companies are always happy to receive constructive feedback.
7. Arrive at the Venue Early and Prepared
Reach the venue on time if not early. Download directions to the venue and anticipate traffic delays in advance. You don’t want to get to the interview late or sweating and panting. Don’t get to the venue too early, reaching 5 to 10 minutes in advance is ideal. Turn off your phone before your interview begins. You don’t want it buzzing or ringing during the interview.
8. Take Mock Interviews
Practice for your interview with your friends or family. If one of them has experience with interviewing employees, even better. These practice or mock interviews will give you a greater level of confidence and also provide you with the chance to experiment with different answers and hear how you sound. Ask for feedback on your answers, what could be avoided, and body language. Request the mock interviewer to ask you a few offbeat questions so you know how well you can think on our feet.
9. Checklist of the Documents
Make sure to carry 5 or 6 copies of the required documents on the day of your interview. The required documents include:
List of references (include each person’s title, company, and contact information such as phone number and email ID)
Samples of your work like writings, design layouts, etc. (Be sure to not give out any confidential information about your current employer)
After providing the employer with your professional references, contact the references and give them a heads up on the company and the job position.
10. Schedule for the Right Window
The best time to interview, according to Glassdoor, is at 10:30 AM on Tuesday. On Mondays, employees are usually gearing up for the week, while on Fridays they are preparing to wind down for the weekend. The same principle applies to the first and last slots of the day. The interviewer has other responsibilities beyond hiring. Similarly, it’s best to avoid the slot just before noon as your interviewer could be too hungry to concentrate; or the slot immediately after lunch as they could be in a food coma.
However, in circumstances where the decision needs to be made quickly, it’s best to pick the earliest slot available. Decisions are often guided to those options that are presented first when there are immediate requirements.
11. Prepare for the Unexpected
When faced with the unexpected at an interview, remind yourself that this is an interview and not an actual situation. Keep your cool, take your time before you answer. Don’t feel pressured to answer quickly and say the first thing that pops up in your mind. Some interviewers ask questions that help them understand the personality of the candidate. Some such questions are:
Tell me about someone you admire.
How many people are flying in the US right now?
If you were a boss, what kind of people would you hire?
What bothers you most about other people.
Tell me about a colleague that you really got along with.