Part Time Employment Situation In USA

Generally, when we table a topic of discussion on employment, an important aspect that takes back seat is part time employment. There are millions in the country who have embraced part time jobs as a matter of choice & there are people, who are compelled to work part time, owing to job conditions. Therefore, it is important for us to treat part time employment on par with its full time counterpart and give it due credit and recognition.

According to The Bureau of Labor Statistics(BLS), U.S Department of Labor, any worker who has been employed for less that 35 hours in a week, is considered to have worked part time. Let us interpret some key data on part time employment from the monthly news release titled “The Employment Situation” from the BLS. Part time workers are classified into the two categories that follow.

Part Time Workers for Economic Reasons

Workers who are otherwise employed on full time basis, but fall short of working the stipulated hours mainly due to business conditions such as

  • Slack work
  • General reduction in demand
  • Unfavorable business conditions
  • Seasonal decline in demand

Part Time Employment

In January 2014, the numbers of workers falling into this category was around 7,771 Million. Since then it has seen a steady decline over the months with falling unemployment rates. As of January 2015, the numbers of part time workers falling into this category were 6,810 Million, a 14% decline Year on year. This is positive news for an economy like the US, which is fast bouncing back to stability.

Part Time for Noneconomic Reasons

This category of workers consists of labor class who have voluntarily chosen to work part time due to personal reasons such as below. They work part time as a matter of choice owing to  personal commitments that stops them from pursuing a full time job.

  • Childcare problems
  • Family commitment
  • Retired and or earning social security
  • Schooling or training
  • Health issues

The number of part time workers for non economic reasons was 19,473 Million in January 2014 and has firmly climbed to stand at 19,822 in the same month this year. This figure does not have grave impact on the unemployment situation in the country since its a deliberate decision to work part time.

States such as North Carolina, South Carolina, Nebraska &  New Jersey which have consistently performed to stay on top of ranks for having the lowest unemployment rates in the country, seem to be trending in terms of part time job searches.

Unemployment Compensation for Part Time Workers

If you belong to the former category of workers who are compelled to work part time due to non economic reasons like deliberation of the employer, you can be eligible to claim unemployment benefits in your state. If you were meant to be working full time, the hours are reduced or working only part time(wish to be employed full time), apply for unemployment in your state.

It provides you monetary support for the lost hours in a week. If reasons for part time work is anything other than voluntary, you can qualify to receive weekly compensation.

  1. Are you able to receive unemployment in the state of Ga if you receive lump sum severance (which was the same pay as a 2 week regular paycheck)

    1. Sid,

      The E.U.C(Emergency Unemployment Compensation) remains expired. There is no extension available. Please inquire further with the labor authorities in your state by calling them.

    1. Jose,

      We’re not a scam or a fraud website:) has been around for more than 10 years and we’re one of the leading forums for unemployment insurance and unemployment in general. Our daily visitor and patron base is of considerable size and we truly believe in being a center for jobless workers to access resources and share their queries.

      1. I’m confused the article is about extending unemployment benefits in Texas but there hasn’t been any approved Emergency extensions since 2013. Can you clarify this.

        1. Glo,

          The E.U.C(Emergency Unemployment Compensation) remains expired. There is no extension available. Please inquire further with the labor authorities in your state by calling them.

  2. I’m attemptiing to file my first weekly claim since my layoff, however, my PIN# is not correct. what do I do to get my correct PIN# , please?

  3. I have exhausted my unemployment benefits in Texas but my calendar year does not end until September. Do I have to wait until the calendar year is over in Texas, to apply for unemployment benefits in New York in which I have available quarters?

    1. Mattie,

      As much as I am aware, UI benefits are only a one-time cycle. Please call the Claims Center for clarification.

  4. Help ran out of unemployment benefits for the pass 8 years i have worked at Hexion speciality chemical plant in Brady Texas how can i get my benefits extended

    1. Roderick,

      The E.U.C(Emergency Unemployment Compensation) remains expired. There is no extension available. Please inquire further with the labor authorities in your state by calling them.

    1. Annette,

      You can visit the official website of the Unemployment Office and ‘login’ to check the claim status. Alternatively, you can also call the Claims Center.

      PS: It should not take 6 weeks to process the initial claim. Please chase at regular intervals.

    1. Jocelyn,

      Unemployment is offered to claimants who’re able and available for work. Please call the Unemployment Office to ascertain if you can apply.

  5. I have been working for the same company for the past 11 years. I started out cleaning apartments, then landscaping and finally Asst. Manager for the past seven years. However, the owner/ manager had us all sign papers claiming we were “Independent Contractors.” I worked Monday thru Friday from 8am – 5pm the entire 11 years. Obviously, in reality, we had Never been “Independent Contractors.”
    Finally, October 2018 we became employee’s. On May 10, 2019 he sold the business which puts us all out of work. I tried filing for unemployment, but, I don’t have enough quarters in. Assuming I’m still out of work, can I wait for the next quarter to end, thus giving me the 2 quarters I need or will it not make a difference.

    1. Lea,

      Why don’t you look at alternate based period? Please use the link below to access the Base Period calculator.

  6. I have been working as an hourly employee for the last 4 months. Currently the board of the nonprofit agency came to me and told me that I had to file a 1099 or go to part time or find a new job. I have a scheduled time that I report to work. What are the laws here in Florida about who can receive a 1099

  7. I am unemployed and currently going to a community college. How can I apply for federal assistance?

    1. Carol,

      If you’re able and available for full-time employment, you can directly go to the website of the Unemployment Office and apply.

  8. I have worked in AZ since March 2016. However, I moved lived and worked for my employer in CA since 08/02/1982. Can I apply for Cali unemployment benefits?

    1. Robert,

      You should be applying from the state where your employment was based. Employers generally remit unemployment taxes to the state where the employee is based.

      1. How long does it take Washington state unemployment to deposit your back pay after they receive the determination letter from OAH stating I won my appeal?

  9. I have been trying for over a month to file and I still do not seem to be able to do it, but I finally got to the correct place, I think.

  10. Cumberland NJ Unemployment Center kept me on hold for 2 hours; I finally had someone answer my call, after providing my information and question regarding the status of my NJ Unemployment Claim the representative disconnected my call.

  11. Excellent list of things to help execute better. Even taking 3 or 4 of these that one does not currently utilize could help immensely.

    1. How did you calculate the total weekly Illinois benefit of $1495? Also, why isn’t Washington and Minnesota listed in your top 5 states with the highest paid unemployment insurance compensation?

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