The Employment Situation July 2018

Updated : August 24th, 2018

FUN Unemployment July 18

July 2018 saw the unemployment rate edge down to 3.9% from June’s 4.0%. The number of unemployed decreased by 284,000 to 6.3 million in the month of July. In both cases, numbers were down over the year by 0.4% and 676,000 numerically.

In terms of the major working groups, the unemployment rate for adult men and whites both declined to 3.4% in the month of July. The jobless rates for adult women remained at 3.7%. Teenagers at 13.1%, blacks at 6.6%, Asians at 3.1% and Hispanics at 4.5%.

When it comes to unemployed persons, the number of re-entrants to the labor force had a decrease of 287,000 in July to 1.8 million, following the increase in June. (Re-entrants are people who were previously employed but were not part of the labor force prior to beginning their job search)

Out of the total unemployed, the number of long term unemployed persons (those who have been unemployed for 27 weeks or more) remained unchanged from the 1.4 million in July. The long term unemployed accounted for 22.7% of the total unemployed.

The Labor participation rate for the month of July remained unchanged at 62.9% over the month of July as well as the year. The employment population ratio which is at 60.5% changed little in July but increased by 0.3% over the past 12 months.

The number of people who are employed part time for economical reasons (aka involuntary part time workers) changed little from 4.6 million in July, but over the year was down by 669,000. These people, would have preferred full time employment, had to settle for part time because of reduced hours and the inability to find full time jobs.

July 2018 sees 1.5 million people marginally attached to the labor force, which is a slight difference from the previous year. These people were not part of the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and were looking for jobs during the prior 12 months. The Bureau of Labor Statistics did not count them as unemployed because they did not look out for work for in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.

When it comes to the marginally attached, there were 512,00 workers who were discouraged, which is a slight change compared to the previous year. Discouraged workers are termed for people who aren’t currently look for work because of their belief that no jobs are available to them. The remainder 1 million people who are marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for employment due to family responsibilities and school attendance.

Non Farm Payroll Employment

The total non farm payroll employment increased by 157,000 in July 2018. This is in comparison to the average monthly gain of 203,000 in the past year. July saw job gains occur in professional and business services, manufacturing, health care and social assistance industries

Out of the non farm payroll employment increase, the professional and business services increased by 51,000 in the month, and 518,000 jobs over the year. Over the month, employment increased in the temporary health services by 28,000 and computer systems design and related services by 8000.

The manufacturing industry added in 37,000 in the month of july, with most gains in the durable goods component. There was an increase in employment in transportation equipment by 13000, 6000 in machinery and 2000 jobs in the electronic instruments industry. Over the past year, the manufacturing industry has added in 327,000 jobs.

Employment in health care and social assistance industries rose by 34,000 in the month of July. The healthcare industry trended up in employment over the month with 17000 jobs, contributing to an increase of 286,000 jobs over the year. Hospitals added in 7000 jobs over the month, whereas social assistance, individual and family services added in 16,000 jobs in July and 77,000 jobs over the year.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up over the month (+26,000). Over the year, the industry has added 203,000 jobs.

Construction employment continued to trend up in July (+19,000) and has increased by 308,000 over the year.

In July, employment in retail trade changed little (+7,000). Job gains occurred in general merchandise stores (+14,000), clothing and clothing accessories stores (+10,000), and food and beverage stores (+8,000). These employment gains were offset by a decline of 32,000 in sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores, reflecting job losses in hobby, toy, and game stores.

Employment showed little or no change over the month in other major industries, including mining, wholesale trade, transportation and warehousing, information, financial activities, and government.

The Employment Situation is a monthly report and survey conducted by the United States Bureau of Labour Statistics.

  1. I have been working as an hourly employee for the last 4 months. Currently the board of the nonprofit agency came to me and told me that I had to file a 1099 or go to part time or find a new job. I have a scheduled time that I report to work. What are the laws here in Florida about who can receive a 1099

  2. I am unemployed and currently going to a community college. How can I apply for federal assistance?

    1. Carol,

      If you’re able and available for full-time employment, you can directly go to the website of the Unemployment Office and apply.

  3. I have worked in AZ since March 2016. However, I moved lived and worked for my employer in CA since 08/02/1982. Can I apply for Cali unemployment benefits?

    1. Robert,

      You should be applying from the state where your employment was based. Employers generally remit unemployment taxes to the state where the employee is based.

  4. I have been trying for over a month to file and I still do not seem to be able to do it, but I finally got to the correct place, I think.

  5. Cumberland NJ Unemployment Center kept me on hold for 2 hours; I finally had someone answer my call, after providing my information and question regarding the status of my NJ Unemployment Claim the representative disconnected my call.

  6. Excellent list of things to help execute better. Even taking 3 or 4 of these that one does not currently utilize could help immensely.

    1. How did you calculate the total weekly Illinois benefit of $1495? Also, why isn’t Washington and Minnesota listed in your top 5 states with the highest paid unemployment insurance compensation?

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