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The Employment Situation – September 2018

Updated : August 4th, 2020

The Employment Situation September 2018

The September unemployment rate declined to 3.7% in September and the total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 134,000. The main job gains were in the professional and business services which includes health care, transportation and warehousing.

Hurricane Florence affected sections of the East Coast in the month of September and this would be the reference periods for establishment and household surveys. Response rates for the two surveys were within the normal range. When it comes to the establishment survey, the reference period of the pay period is the 12th of the month.

But unusual weather is more likely to have an impact on the average weekly hours than on employment. You should know that average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period which includes holidays, sick leave and time off from work. The impact could be severe weather on hours and this could result in a reduction in the average weekly hours. For instance, while some employees do not work for part of the pay period or haven’t received pay for time missed others could deal with cleanup, repair and extra work hours.

While the unemployment rate declined by 0.2% leaving it at 3.7%, accordingly the number of unemployed decreased by 270,000 to 6 million. In the last year, the unemployment rate and number of unemployed persons declined by 0.5 percentage points closing it at 795,000 unemployed persons.

Unemployment Rates for Worker Groups

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates are:

  • Adult women: 3.3%
  • Whites: 3.3%
  • Adult men: 3.4%
  • Teenagers: 12.8%
  • Blacks: 6.0%
  • Asians: 3.5%
  • Hispanics: 4.5%

While the unemployment for white and adult women declined in September. There was little or no change for adult men, teenagers, Blacks, Asians and Hispanics over the entire month.

At the same time, the number of long term unemployed or those that are jobless for 27 weeks or more changed a little at 1.4 million over the month. These individuals accounted for 22.9 percent of all unemployed.

In September, the labor force participation rate remained at 62.7%, and the employment population ratio changed a little at 60.4%. The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons increased by 263,000 to 4.6 million in September.

Also, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force which is almost the same as before from a year earlier. These individuals do not fall under the labor force but looked for work for the last 12 months.

Of the marginally attached workers, there were 383,000 discouraged workers which is almost unchanged from a year ago. The remaining 1.2 million persons are marginally attached to the labor force in September and had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

The nonfarm employment rose by 134,000 in September as compared to the average monthly gain of 201,000 over the previous 12 months. In September, job gains have occured in professional and business services, health care, and transportation and warehousing. At the same time employment has increased by 54,000 in professional and business services and rose by 560,000 over the year.

Similarly, health care employment grew by 26,000. Hospitals added 12,000 jobs while ambulance health care services increased by 10,000. Overall, health care employment has increased by 302,000.

Transportation and warehousing employment rose by 24,000. Job gains in warehousing and storage increased by 8,000, couriers and messengers by 5,000 and the over all transportation and warehousing would be increased by 174,000.

Construction employment continued to trend up by 23,000. The industry in total added 315,000 jobs over the past 12 months. Employment in manufacturing continued to grow as 18,000 people joined the workforce. Over the past 12 months, manufacturing added 278,000 jobs which is four-fifths of the gain of the durable goods.

Mining rose by 6,000 over the month and 53,000 over the year. The hospitality and leisure industry lost 17,000 jobs in the month of September. There is little or no change in wholesale trade, retail trade, information, financial activities and government.

The total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +147,000 to +165,000 and the change for August was revised up from +201,000 to +270,000. Based on these revisions, employment gains in July and August combined were 87,000. Also, after the revisions job gains has averaged 190,000 per month for the last 3 months in 2018.

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  1. If I’m laid off and I go back to work for three or four weeks and get laid off again do I have to do the one week waiting period before I can collect again?

  2. I was informed by the automated phone system that my claim for last week 06/12/2021 was not processed due to an outstanding issue on said claim. I have tried for four days to reach a human to assist me in this matter. It’s been impossible! Please help.

    1. Anne,

      Wish we could do something for you. This is a private forum. Please continue following up regularly. You can perhaps write them an email.

  3. I am trying to request payments from aug 2015 up until 2017 I never received a debit card and just assumed that I was denied. So i did not request payment but would like to now

    1. Katrina,

      That period is past and you might not be able to claim retroactively. Please write the office an email if you wish to.

  4. Ive provided documents that were needed and i have not receive any type of response i have went without benefits for 6 weeks could someone please contact me

    1. Sondra,

      Please note this is a private forum and we do not have access to your claim. Please follow up with the office directly.

  5. To whom it may concern, Please what is wrong with the site to claim weeks? I am at the Career Source and they said it has been acting up for 2 days. I am frustrated so I can imagine how many others are like me. I was laid off 4/16/2021. My UI is showing active but still under review. Is there anything you need from me to get this going? I will give it to you. Please July rent coming up. I am tapped from asking from family to get me thru now. Please please please any answers for me? I am begging right now. I can not be late on rent or they will not renew my lease when it is time. I can not move, to costly. I have been here for 20 years. Please any suggestions. I will pay back July rent if my UI goes thru. No reason why it shouldn’t. Please help. Thanks again, Kay

    1. Kay,

      It must be a tough time for you. This is a private forum and we do not have access to your claim. Please chase the Office directly.

  6. I just filed for my first weeks benefit and am trying to change the payment method. It does not give me the verify who you are questions?

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