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The Employment Situation – September 2018

Updated : August 4th, 2020

The Employment Situation September 2018

The September unemployment rate declined to 3.7% in September and the total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 134,000. The main job gains were in the professional and business services which includes health care, transportation and warehousing.

Hurricane Florence affected sections of the East Coast in the month of September and this would be the reference periods for establishment and household surveys. Response rates for the two surveys were within the normal range. When it comes to the establishment survey, the reference period of the pay period is the 12th of the month.

But unusual weather is more likely to have an impact on the average weekly hours than on employment. You should know that average weekly hours are estimated for paid time during the pay period which includes holidays, sick leave and time off from work. The impact could be severe weather on hours and this could result in a reduction in the average weekly hours. For instance, while some employees do not work for part of the pay period or haven’t received pay for time missed others could deal with cleanup, repair and extra work hours.

While the unemployment rate declined by 0.2% leaving it at 3.7%, accordingly the number of unemployed decreased by 270,000 to 6 million. In the last year, the unemployment rate and number of unemployed persons declined by 0.5 percentage points closing it at 795,000 unemployed persons.

Unemployment Rates for Worker Groups

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates are:

  • Adult women: 3.3%
  • Whites: 3.3%
  • Adult men: 3.4%
  • Teenagers: 12.8%
  • Blacks: 6.0%
  • Asians: 3.5%
  • Hispanics: 4.5%

While the unemployment for white and adult women declined in September. There was little or no change for adult men, teenagers, Blacks, Asians and Hispanics over the entire month.

At the same time, the number of long term unemployed or those that are jobless for 27 weeks or more changed a little at 1.4 million over the month. These individuals accounted for 22.9 percent of all unemployed.

In September, the labor force participation rate remained at 62.7%, and the employment population ratio changed a little at 60.4%. The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons increased by 263,000 to 4.6 million in September.

Also, 1.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force which is almost the same as before from a year earlier. These individuals do not fall under the labor force but looked for work for the last 12 months.

Of the marginally attached workers, there were 383,000 discouraged workers which is almost unchanged from a year ago. The remaining 1.2 million persons are marginally attached to the labor force in September and had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

The nonfarm employment rose by 134,000 in September as compared to the average monthly gain of 201,000 over the previous 12 months. In September, job gains have occured in professional and business services, health care, and transportation and warehousing. At the same time employment has increased by 54,000 in professional and business services and rose by 560,000 over the year.

Similarly, health care employment grew by 26,000. Hospitals added 12,000 jobs while ambulance health care services increased by 10,000. Overall, health care employment has increased by 302,000.

Transportation and warehousing employment rose by 24,000. Job gains in warehousing and storage increased by 8,000, couriers and messengers by 5,000 and the over all transportation and warehousing would be increased by 174,000.

Construction employment continued to trend up by 23,000. The industry in total added 315,000 jobs over the past 12 months. Employment in manufacturing continued to grow as 18,000 people joined the workforce. Over the past 12 months, manufacturing added 278,000 jobs which is four-fifths of the gain of the durable goods.

Mining rose by 6,000 over the month and 53,000 over the year. The hospitality and leisure industry lost 17,000 jobs in the month of September. There is little or no change in wholesale trade, retail trade, information, financial activities and government.

The total nonfarm payroll employment for July was revised from +147,000 to +165,000 and the change for August was revised up from +201,000 to +270,000. Based on these revisions, employment gains in July and August combined were 87,000. Also, after the revisions job gains has averaged 190,000 per month for the last 3 months in 2018.

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  1. So I have been getting ue for 6 months and on Oct 21 I had a fact finding issue found and cleared after taking a month, I got put on hold I got nothing no benefits nothing because I am on hold until cleared up and it was another month later in my favor, I’ve been without payment since Oct 21 since then I have been on HOLD, I am beyond pissed, I call every Fri I see the letter I received saying its in my favor that says I am Monetary Eligible-yet I still have 6 payments on hold. I call DEO and I talk, I beg and I get told “we are working on it”, the letter is in my favor I am poor not rich I am poor Why how do you people get away with this

  2. Hello

    I’m 59 years old and was laid off in March 2020 due to Covid.
    In June 2020 I was advised my job was eliminated and there is no chance of me
    Being brought back. I’m collecting UI since March.

    Pondering the thought of taking my early retirement pension as I can’t survive on
    UI any longer. My pension is of course reduced due to my age. Full pension is age 62.

    If I apply for early reduced pension in this situation, does my UI benefit get decreased? I’m in New York.
    I’m still looking for full time work. No luck.

    Thank you so much
    Lorraine

  3. i was just layed off from my job, i did collect benefits in pa. my job is seasonal igot unemployment payments in jan. to april i had 26 weeks of unemployment , but only used about 13 weeks, and was called back to work. i received 2 weeks of 600 dollars of stimlus money. my question is now that i reopened my 2020 claim . i,m i still elegibe for any more stimlus payments along with my regular unemployment payments.

  4. I am 65 yrs old in California and being layed off in Dec 2020. If I apply for unemployment benefits and collect a company pension, will the pension reduce the unemployment benefits ? If you answer call unemployment what is the department or do you have a phone number for a help line. I have called and get automated questions that do not apply to my situation.
    Cannot get to a live person.

  5. Several years ago I was part of a reduction in force and was early-retired for pension purposes. I count on this small pension ($2K/mo) to supplement my employment which has been inconsistent this past two years. I am filing for UI in IL and I qualify for it, but they are saying my pension reduces my UI benefit to zero. Is that right?

    1. Mike,

      That is partially right. The pension will have an impact on UI benefits. Please check for relevant info on the Unemployment Office’s website.

  6. I have $219.00 left on my UE and still no work due to covid-19 will i be able to get a extension on my UE and will it cover the last two weeks. I request payment tomorrow.

      1. My benefits have expired, still.unemployed due to over 65, wdiebrtes, high blood pressure and have one kidney, Can I get PUA , Cares Act for any assistance

  7. im working at a place i have been layed off from a lot in my career.i got 30 yrs in there so i can retire now but need another job to make it hoping to stay working and get more hours.If i take a new job and get layed off there I will BE DRAWING 1400 A MONTH FROM THE JOB I WORKED 30 YRS would i be able to draw unemployment if the new job lays me off and would it be reduced because of my retirement money of 1400 month.

  8. My bf was laid off in April he got the the 600 to start with now he is only getting the unemployment and no extra when we hear ppl getting 3 checks totaling 40k that might be lies but still that is bullshit.

  9. I Sharon Bland or Sharon Scott or Sharon Ann Mccraw
    Use my phone to claim two of my boyfriends and my own benefits. Is that ok ?

  10. I’m getting pua on employment and it was supposed to be backdated to May 27th when I wasn’t ableable to start my new job and somehow it’s August 24th they said it would be backdated been sending messages and pua people keep saying they have emailed you guys too but nobody gets back to me who do I need to contact about this thank you

  11. I check my checking account balance every week but I cannot tell if I am getting my 300.00 extra unemployment. Also. How can I tell if I got my back time unemployment .

    1. Thelma,

      I did not understand what you meant. Please reach out to the Unemployment Office for precise answers to all your questions.

  12. I have exhausted my UI and all extensions. Not eligible for Fed Ed. Does EDD open a PUA claim for me. Or do I have to aoole for it. Its been past 30 days since receiving my Fed Ed denial letter.

  13. i have been unemployed for the whole year almost and since i have been trying to distance myself to better my all around health, it took me this long to file for benefits, i was hoping to get back pay all the way to the beginning.

    1. Zach,

      To qualify, the claimant is required to have sufficient earnings/employment during the “Base Period”. Please use the “Benefits Calculator” available on this website for more.

  14. Thank you o much for investigating this. When I received an overpayment statement and my benefits where stopped I felt my heart drop to my stomach. Already being evicted by a slumlord and now no income, i had to start working when i feel very at risk for getting the virus because of pre-existing conditions and the reason for filing in the first place. i am a cosmetologist and considered non-essential. I feel utterley hopeless and helpless in this situation.

  15. I cannot contact anyone in the unemployment offices because the phone hangs up on me in all cases after listening over and over the recorded message. I have called three numbers .

    I have received pandemic unemployment since March 31st. There was a pending adjudication but I never received any questions, letters nor emails about it and I was approved and paid. Now…this is what the website says:
    7 of 7 entries
    Issue Identification Number Employer Name Issue Type Status Date Mailed Level
    0002 7693 59-01
    PUA Pending 11/16/2020 Adjudication
    0002 4773 71-01
    Program Integrity Mailed 11/6/2020 Adjudicati
    Claimant Inbox
    Select the Search button to display your action items. To narrow your search, input issue date range below and select the Search button.
    Issue Date: From: To: 11/6/2020 to 11/16/2020
    Inbox
    • Below are the items that require your attention and that you need to take action on for your claim.
    • Select the Document ID
    I need this money to survive as others do while I am trying to re-establish any contract freelance work I am capable of doing….I report my small jobs as I get them but they do not come close to equaling my unemployment as of yet. Please tell me where I can go to find out what is needed here.

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