The Employment Situation August 2018
Updated : January 3rd, 2019
The Unemployment rate in the United States remains unchanged at 3.9% while the total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 201,000 in the month of August. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics in their monthly report state that job gains occurred in professional and business services, wholesale trade, health care, transportation and warehousing and mining industries.
As stated above, the unemployment rate remained at 3.9% in August and the number of unemployed personnel remained at 6.2 million.
Household Survey Unemployment Data
In terms of the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult men was at 3.5%, and adult women tallied at 3.6% unemployed. Unemployed teenagers were accounted at 12.8%.
The Whites accounted at 3.4%, Blacks at 6.3%, Asians at 3% and Hispanics at 4.7%. There was little to no change in the unemployment rates for each major worker groups.
The number of long term unemployed people changed little in the month of August at 1.3 million and accounted for 21.5% of the total unemployed. Long term unemployed are people who have been jobless for 27 weeks or more. Over the year, the long term unemployed numbers have declined by 403,000.
In other findings from the report, the labor force participation rate (62.7%) and the employment population ratio (60.3%) both declined by 0.2% in the month of August 2018.
When it comes to people employed part time for economic reasons (also known as involuntary part time workers), at 4.4 million, changed little in the month of August. However, the number has been down by 830,000. It should be noted that these individuals preferred full-time employment but had to work part time because of reduced hours or the lack of full-time jobs.
The month of August 2018 sees 1.4 million people marginally attached to the labor force, which is a slight difference from the previous year. These people were not in the labor force, were looking to seek employment and have been searching for jobs sometime in the past 12 months.
Non Farm Payroll
In the month of August, the total non farm payroll employment had increased by 201,000. This is in tune with the average monthly gain of 196,000 over the past year. In the month of August, employment increased in the following industries:
- Professional and Business Services
- Health Care
- Wholesale Trade
- Transportation and Warehousing
The Professional and business services added in 53,000 jobs in the month of August. The professional and business services added in 519,000 over the past 12 months.
August 2018 sees an employment rise in the healthcare industry by 33,000. Most of the jobs gains stem mostly from ambulatory health care services with 21,000 jobs. Job gains of about 8,000 were seen in hospitals. Over the year, the healthcare industry has added in 301,000 jobs.
Employment in the wholesale trade industry increased by 22,000 in the month of August and 99,000 over the past 12 months. From the industry, the durable goods wholesalers added 14,000 jobs over the month. This accounted for about two-thirds of the over the year job gain in the wholesale trade industry.
The transportation and warehousing industry rose by 20,000 jobs in the month of August. The industry has risen by 173,000 jobs over the past year. Within the industry, couriers and messengers have been responsible for adding in around 4,000 jobs in the month of August.
The mining industry had a rise in employment by 6,000 jobs in the month of August and showed little change from its progress in July. Since a recent dip in October 2016, the mining industry has added in 104,000 jobs. Most of the jobs in entire support of mining activities.
The construction industry continues to have an uptick of 23,000 jobs in the month of August. Over the year, the construction industry has increased its jobs by 297,000 over the year.
The manufacturing industry changed slightly negatively in the month of August, with a loss of 3,000 jobs. Over the past 12 months, employment in the industry was up by 254,000. More than 3/4th of the gains were from the durable goods segment in the industry.
In terms of employment in other major industries, there was little to no change in employment. These major industries include retail trade, information, financial activities, leisure and hospitality and government.