Unemployment insurance is provided by theDepartment of Workforce Development(DWD) in the state of Wisconsin. The UI benefits are provided with an intention to bring stability to the citizens of the state at the time of transitioning from one job to another.
The services provided by the DWD also aim to empower the job-seekers in the state by improving their competence through various training programs. The overall objective of the program is to facilitate job-seekers by not only providing monetary stability but also by providing an opportunity to adapt to the changing needs of the job market.
Eligibility To Apply For UI Benefits In Wisconsin
To receive Unemployment Benefits in Wisconsin, the applicants should meet the eligibility criteria set by the DWD. The eligibility criteria are classified into three parts- monetary eligibility, the reason for job-separation from the previous organization, and maintaining eligibility criteria after qualifying for UI benefits.
The DWD will, first and foremost, evaluate if you qualify for UI benefits based on your wages earned during the base period. You are expected to have earned wages in at least two quarters of your base period in covered employment
To understand the requirements under the monetary benefits, it is necessary to understand some basic definitions and calculations used by the DWD:
Calendar Quarter: A calendar quarter is a set of three months in a base year. Any year will consist of the following calendar quarters:
Base Period: The first four of the last five completed calendar quarters before you file for UI benefits. The wages received by the applicants by their ex-employer determine if they qualify for UI benefits or not.
If your benefit period is about to start from January 2019, your base period will start in October 2017. The four quarters in your base period will be:
January February-March 2018
This consists of the first four of the last five quarters before the beginning of the January-February-March quarter of 2019.
Covered Employment: Your employment will be considered as covered employment if your ex-employer was subjected to unemployment insurance law. It is compulsory for the applicants to have received wages from an employer who pays unemployment insurance taxes to be eligible for UI benefits.
Lag Period: A lag period is a time gap between the end of the base period and the week during which you start your base period. The wages earned during the lag period will not be used to calculate the UI benefits entitlement.
High Quarter: The high quarter is a quarter in your base period during which you receive the highest amount of wages.
Weekly Benefit Rate (WBR): WBR is the UI benefits paid every week to the qualified claimants. The maximum and minimum weekly benefit amount (WBA) in Wisconsin is $370 and $54 respectively. You are expected to have at least $1,350 as wages in your high quarter to be eligible for the minimum WBA.
In order to receive $370 WBA, you must have a minimum of $9,250 as wages in your high quarter. You cannot earn a higher WBA even if your high quarter wages are more, as $370 is the maximum limit set by the DWD.
Qualifying wages: To qualify for UI benefits, you will need to meet the following criteria:
You must have earned a minimum of $1,350 in the high quarter
The sum of the wages in the three low quarters must be at least 4 times your WBA
Your total base period wages must be at least 35 times your WBA
If you received UI benefits in a prior benefit year which has ended, you must have worked since the beginning of that benefit year and earned at least 8 times the WBR of that claim
Once the DWD evaluates your case, one of the two forms will be sent to you based on the decision taken-
UCB-700: This will be sent to you if you have enough wages to qualify for UI benefits
UCB-736: This is sent to you if you do not have enough wages to qualify for UI benefits.
Establishing monetary eligibility is the first step towards qualifying for UI benefits. Once the monetary eligibility is established, the applicants must submit the reason for separating from the previous organization.
You will be instantly disqualified if any of the below cases apply to you:
You quit your last job without good cause
You were fired from your previous job for misconduct, in which case your benefits will be suspended for seven weeks and also until you 14 times your weekly benefit rate
You lost your due to a strike or any other form of labor-dispute, other than a lockout
The DWD will examine the reasons given by the applicant. The department will also question your last employer about the reason for your job separation. In case if there is a mismatch in your statement and your former employer’s statement, the DWD might withhold your UI benefits.
In the state of Wisconsin proving monetary eligibility and meeting, certain job-separation criteria will let an applicant be eligible for unemployment benefits. It is very important that all claimants maintain their eligibility requirements throughout their entire benefit period. If claimants fail to maintain their eligibility it may lead to a disruption in your weekly benefits.
Applicants must make a note of the following factors to make sure to maintain eligibility while the benefits weeks are going on:
You must be readily available for work at any given point of time
Applicants must be actively seeking job opportunities
Applicants need to be legally authorized to work in the U.S
An applicant cannot refuse any offer of employment
Applicants must complete at least four work search actions every week.
All applicants must document their work search requirements throughout the week. Information on the document shows whether the applicant has met all eligibility requirements during the particular week.
Once your application is completed you will receive a confirmation of your claim and an instruction form in the mail. The notice also contains the number of benefits you will receive.
If by any chance you fail to qualify for unemployment benefits you will receive a notice telling you why.
Claimants can also file claims through a telephone call in Wisconsin. Dial 414-435-7069 anytime between Monday to Friday between 7:35 AM – 3:30 PM.
How To File Weekly Claims
You can file your weekly claim both online and via telephone. Your weekly claim certificate is a claim you file for a particular calendar week. The calendar week for weekly claim starts on Sunday and ends on Saturday. If at all you earn compensations make sure to report it on your weekly claim.
Always file your weekly claim certificate within 14 days at the end of the calendar week for which you are claiming. Always remember you cannot file a claim for a particular week till it has ended.
This UI Benefits Calculator will help you to determine the approximate UI Benefits amount that you can presently receive in the state of Wisconsin.
Disclaimer: The estimates are good in faith and accuracy is not guaranteed. We are not liable for any loss and damages caused by using the tools on our website. This calculator is here to assist you in evaluating what you might obtain if you are entitled to receive benefits. We make no promises that the sum you receive will be equal to what the calculator illustrates.
Once applicants have filed unemployment benefits it is important that applicants acquaint themselves with the rules and regulations associated with UI benefits. It is important that claimants are not subject to overpayments or fraud as they can be serious penalties associated with it in the state of Wisconsin. A host of job training services are also provided to help unemployed job seekers make the most of their benefit period.
Overpayments and Fraud
Preserving the integrity of the unemployment insurance program is very important as it helps only eligible applicants receive UI. Overpayments take place when claimants are paid extra UI benefits for what they are eligible to receive for any week. If payments are paid incompetently the claimant will receive a written document on the overpayment decision. The written document is a legal document that contains the amount of time you have to file an appeal.
Overpayments may occur due to the following reasons:
Not reporting your earnings during your benefit year
An appeal which finds you ineligible for the benefits you have received
An issue regarding your job separation
A mistake by the department where you receive overpayments of benefits
If claimants received overpayments of benefits it will be deducted from the benefits that the claimant was receiving. If the overpayments are not deducted from the benefits that the claimant receives, and does not respond to the collection letters. The department has full authority to take legal action against the claimant who is receiving unemployment benefits. The department may take the following actions:
Seize the claimants’ wages and bank account to any extent as per law
A civil warranty may be issued against the claimants real estate and property
Claimants may have to provide a state or federal tax refund
Fraud: ifclaimants intentionally withhold information which in turn affects unemployment benefits. The claimant is committing fraud, the methods used by the department to detect fraud are audit payrolls, crossmatching payroll records with employers within the state and other states. The following factors can constitute fraud against a claimant in Wisconsin:
Falsifying statements to acquire unemployment benefits for himself/herself or any other person
Falsely representing any report in connection with the DWD
Not maintaining adequate records as per the requirements of the DWD
The following action will be taken against the employer if he/she is committing fraud:
The claimant will receive a benefit reduction of anywhere between two, four or eight times the weekly benefit rate for every week of fraud committed.
The claimant will also be charged 40% of the overpayment amount from his/her own pocket
Penalties and fines can range anywhere between $100 to $500 and you can be imprisoned up to 90 days.
The insurance program provided by the state of Wisconsin is a mutual partnership between employers, claimants and the department. It is the claimant’s duty to avoid fraud or any illegal activity while claiming unemployment benefits in the state.
No benefit extension programs are available to claimants in the state of Wisconsin. Benefit extensions are only available in the state in times of high unemployment. Claimants should call or visit the DWD to get a better understanding of the present Reemployment Assistance plans available in the state.
Job Training Assistance
The DWD and the Division of Employment and Training (DET) work in sync to implement a program for job seekers. The program is termed as the Re-employment Services program (RES). The main aim of this program is to make sure people get employed as fast as possible. The program offers online services and information that is combined with the Job Center of Wisconsin.
The following services are offered by the Job Center of Wisconsin so that they can get jobs as soon as possible:
Workforce events are conducted almost daily which in turn helps applicants get jobs faster
Labor Market Information provides claimants with data tools and several programs so that they can get acquainted with relevant information on the job market
The Eligible Training Program List provides job seekers with a variety of training options to upskill their skillset
The center provides job search assistance to all applicants
Career exploration for both individual and groups
Resource rooms for applicants to apply for jobs
Special workshops to help job seekers with resumes, work search skills, and Interview technique
Claimants are selected for the RES once they have fulfilled their requirements to search for work. Also, claimants must have successfully registered on the jobcenterofwisconsin.com and should have received their first UI payment successfully.
Q. Once I apply for UI benefits, why is it necessary to file the weekly claim certifications to receive a payment?
Once you apply for UI benefits an initial claim application is filed which in turn leads to a decision whether the applicant qualifies for UI benefits or not. It is necessary for all claimants to send a weekly claim certification for every week they wish to receive UI benefits. Claimants should know that it is the weekly claim certificate that actually processes payments for each week.You should always wait until Saturday is over to file your weekly claim certification for the calendar week that ends on Saturday.
Q. Why does the DWD require your Social Security Number and how is it used?
You need to provide your social security number as per the Federal Social Security ACT. Your social security number is used to verify your identity, establish your employer, wages, determine any other income, check eligibility, and establish a proper record of the benefits paid to you and other important statistics.
Your social security number is then verified with the Social Security Administration. If you fail to provide your social security number, your claim cannot be made.
Q. Do I have the option to receive unemployment benefits and also collect social security retirement benefits together?
yes, you can receive unemployment and receive social security retirement cash benefits together. Vice versa social security retirement benefits are also unaffected when you receive unemployment benefits. Always make sure to check with the DWD when you claim unemployment benefits and social security benefits together..
Q. Who is an ALJ?
An Administrative Law Judge is an ALJ. Administrative Law Judges work with the unemployment insurance division and are licensed attorneys who practice law in Wisconsin. They are state employees who are salaried and their main responsibilities are holding unemployment insurance hearings and also issue tribunal appeal decisions.
Q. What is the importance of the “burden of proof” in an unemployment insurance hearing?
The party who holds the burden of proof is allowed to testify first. Which gives the option to the other party to respond to the material which the other party presents. For e.g when a party does not agree to the nature of the separation which took place in regard to when a claimant quit his/her job. It is up to the employer to show the burden of proof to establish the nature of separation.
When an employee resigns from the job on his/her own terms, the employee must bear the burden of proof which will entitle the employee to claim benefits. If by any chance the party with the burden of proof does not meet that particular burden, the opposing party will prevail.
Q. How long does it take to get my first benefit pay?
To get your first benefit pay it generally takes seven days after filing your initial claim application. Provided that there are no eligibility questions on your claim. Claimants will receive their benefit pay within seven days of receiving their weekly claims. You should know that it is the weekly claim certificate which actually triggers payments for each week you receive benefits. If you wish to re-open a current but inactive claim, you have the option to receive your payments either via the direct deposit or visa prepaid debit card.
Q. If I am working for something other than money is it necessary to report it to the DWD?
yes, you must report any kind of compensation for the week in which the payment is earned. Wages may include everyday work which is done for pay and includes room, boarding, commissions cash payments, tips, and working off a bill.
Q. What is a UCB-25 Notice?
The UCB-25 notice is a notice you will receive because you have received overpayment unemployment insurance for a week. You must repay your overpayments immediately. Your date for the original overpayment decision is shown on the UCB- 25.